The Creed of Imam Abu Haneefah (Rahimahullah)

Posted on November 28, 2014


When Imaam Abu Haneefah (Rahimahullah) was asked of his opinion of the one who says I do not know whether Allaah (Subhaanahu wa ta’aala) is above the heavens or on the earth, Imaam Abu Haneefah (Rahimahullah) said:

He has disbelieved, because Allah (Subhaanahu wa ta’aala) says: “The Most Merciful rose above the Throne”, and His Throne is above His (Subhaanahu wa ta’aala) seven heavens.

He was then asked, what if he said that Allah (Subhaanahu wa ta’aala) is above His (Subhaanahu wa ta’aala) Throne but he does not know whether the Throne is in the heavens or on the earth he said, he has disbelieved, because he has denied that He (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) is above the heavens.
[Quoted in Al-Uluww of Adh-Dhahabi, also in Sharh Aqeedah At-Tahawiyyah of Ibn Abi Al-Izz Al-Hanafi]

Imaam Abu Haneefah (Rahimahullah) was also said,

“He is something (shay’un) but not like other things, and the meaning of Shay’un is affirmed without affirming a body, limbs or organs. And He has no limit and no partner or opposite, and no similitude. And He has a Hand, a Face and a Self. As for what is mentioned in the Quran: the Face, the Hand, the Self (Nafs) then these are His Attributes without asking how.
And it is not said that His Hand is His Power (Qudra) or Favour (Ni’ma) because this contains nullification of the Attribute, and this is the saying of the People of Qadr (Jabariyyah) and the Mu’tazila.
Rather His Hand is His Attribute without asking how, and His Anger (Gadb) and Pleasure (Ridaa) are two Attributes without asking How.”
[Quoted in Fiqh al-Akbar’ Page #.36-37]