The advice of one Khaleefah to the other

Posted on June 18, 2014

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Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه, on his death bed, advised `Umar رضي الله عنه saying:

“Fear Allaah O `Umar! [If you are chosen (as the Khaleefah) over the people after me] then know that for Allaah there are deeds (which are to be done) in the day which He does not accept in the night; and actions (which are to be done) in the night which He does not accept in the day.

And He تعالى does not accept the Naafilah (optional) deeds till the Fardh (obligatory) ones are carried out. Verily, the scales will be heavy; those whose scales will be filled (with good deeds) on the Day of Judgment because of their following the truth in this world, their (actions) will be made heavy on the scales. No doubt, the truth when it will be weigh on that Day will be heavy on the scales. And verily, the scales will be made light; those whose scales will be filled (with bad deeds) on the Day of Judgment because of their following the falsehood in this world, then their (actions) will carry no weight. No doubt, the falsehood when it will be weigh on that Day will be light on the scales.

When Allaah تعالى mentioned the people of the Jannah, He تعالى mentioned them along with their best of deeds and covered (and did not mention) their bad deeds. So if you remember them (while reciting the Qur’aan etc.), then say: ‘I fear that I may not catch up with them.’

When Allaah تعالى mentioned the people of the Fire, He تعالى mentioned them along with their worsts of deeds and negated (and did not mention) their good deeds. So when you remember them, say: ‘I hope that I am not one of them.’

The Believer should have both, hope and fear. He should not be over confident (and feel secure from Allaah’s punishment) nor should he despair of His تعالى Mercy. 

So if you keep my advice, nothing will be more beloved to you than death, for it is definitely coming. Should you fail to keep my advice, then nothing will be more hated to you than death, and there is no escape from it.”

[Hilyatul Awliyaa (1/36), Sifatus Safwah of Ibn al-Jawzee (1/264), Tareekh Damishq (30/414)]

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